The noble scholar Shaikh Ibn Taymiyyah:
“As for seeking to memorize the Qur’an then this is to be given preference over many of the things that the people consider to be knowledge, but are -in reality – either totally useless, or having little benefit. It is also to be given precedence in learning especially by those who wish to acquire knowledge of the Deen, its principles and its particulars. Since what is prescribed for such a person at this time is that he should begin by memorizing the Qur’aan, as it is the foundation of the branches of knowledge of the deen. This is contrary to what is done by many of the people on innovation, in that one of them will preoccupy himself with superfluous parts of knowledge; such as kalaam (rhetorical speech) and argumentation; or very rare matters of differences; and blind following, which there is no need for; or very strange and rare ahaadeeth which are not established, nor of benefit; and many discussions do not establish proofs. And he abandons memorizing the Qur’aan which is more important than all of this.”
Fataawaa al-Kubra (2/54-55).
The noble scholar Shaikh Muhamamd Ibn Saalih Al-Uthaymeen said in the Book of Knowledge:
-May Allah have mercy upon Him-
“The Noble Qur’aan: It is indeed obligatory upon the student of knowledge to be keen on it, by reciting it and memorising it and understanding it and acting upon it, for the Qur’aan is Allah’s strong rope, and it is the foundation of all sciences, and the Salaf used to be completely keen on the Qur’aan; it is mentioned about them some strange thing about their keenness on the Qur’aan; you will find one of them memorise the (whole)Qur’aan and he is seven years of age and some of them memorised the Quran in less than a month and in this is proof of the keenness of the Salaf –may Allah be pleased with them- on the Qur’aan.
So it is obligatory upon the student of knowledge to be keen on it (the Qur’aan) and memorising it upon one of the teachers, because the Qur’aan is taken by the way of التلقي (Meaning not self taught; learning directly from a teacher; the student recites to the teacher and the teacher corrects the student’s mistakes.)
And from (the matters) (one) is saddened for is that you will find some of the students of knowledge do not memorise the Qur’aan, actually some of them do not even recite the Qur’aan well, and this is a big defect in the method of seeking knowledge.
For this reason I repeat that it is obligatory upon the student of knowledge to be keen on memorising the Quran and acting upon it and calling to it and understanding it according to the understanding of the pious predecessors.”
The noble Mufti of Saudi Arabia Shaikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Aalish Shaikh
Translator: Abu ‘Abdis Salaam Siddiq Al Juyaanee
Q: How can we combine between memorizing the Noble Qur’an and seeking knowledge?
A: Start with the Qur’an, reading it and perfecting its recitation. If you accomplish
this –may Allah aid you in seeking knowledge- this is a great bounty from Allah upon
you. The Qur’an will be ease for the one who (sincerely) wants it, for verily, Allah
the Most High says,
وََلَقدْ يَسَّرْنَا الُقرْآ َ ن للذِّكِْر َفهَلْ مِنْ مُدَّكٍِر
“And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember,
then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?” [Al-Qamar: 17]
The Qur’an is the key to every (Islaamic) science. Your perfection of its recitation
and memorizing it will open up for you areas of knowledge that only Allah knows
(best to what extent will benefit you).
The noble Scholar Shaikh Al-albaani said:
The Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said:
“The Best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it”
The Scholar Al-Baani (may Allah have mercy upon him said)
And in this Hadeeth is: a direction into learning The Quran, and that the best knowledge that a person can learn is learning the Quran.
So how wishful it is that the students of knowledge would realize that. Because in it, is great benefit.
And fom the calamities that have hit our era is that you find many of the callers or the beginners amongst the students of knowledge going into giving fatwa’s (Islamic verdicts) and answering questions of people; while he hasn’t even made good his recitation of Suratul Faatiha from its proper recitation…’
Up to where he said..
‘..so advice to myself and then to them is that; the best of what a student of knowledge begins on is memorising The Quran’
Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
اقْرَءُوا الْقُرْآنَ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ شَفِيعًا لِأَصْحَابِهِ
Recite the Quran, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for its reciters.
Source: Sahih Muslim
Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
مَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَهُوَ حَافِظٌ لَهُ مَعَ السَّفَرَةِ الْكِرَامِ الْبَرَرَةِ وَمَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ وَهُوَ يَتَعَاهَدُهُ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ شَدِيدٌ فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ
The example of those who recite the Quran and memorize it is that of one who is with the ‘righteous and noble scribes’ (80:15); and the example of one who recites the Quran with great difficulty is that of one who receives a double reward.
Source: Sahih Bukhari
Abu Musa Al-Ashari reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
مَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَالْأُتْرُجَّةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَرِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَالَّذِي لَا يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَالتَّمْرَةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَلَا رِيحَ لَهَا وَمَثَلُ الْفَاجِرِ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الرَّيْحَانَةِ رِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَطَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَمَثَلُ الْفَاجِرِ الَّذِي لَا يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الْحَنْظَلَةِ طَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَلَا رِيحَ لَهَا
The example of a believer who recites the Quran is that of a citrus fruit which tastes good and smells good; and one who does not recite the Quran is like a date which tastes good but has no smell. The example of a wicked person who recites the Quran is that of basil which smells good but tastes bitter; and a wicked person who does not recite the Quran is that of a vine which tastes bitter and has no smell.
Source: Sahih Bukhari
Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
إِنَّ الَّذِي لَيْسَ فِي جَوْفِهِ شَيْءٌ مِنْ الْقُرْآنِ كَالْبَيْتِ الْخَرِبِ
Verily, one who does not memorize anything from the Quran is like a ruined house.
Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi / Grade: Sahih