A Successful Ramadhan – Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan Hafidhahullaah

By the Shaykh, ‘Allaamah Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Ithaaf Ahlil Eemaan bi Duroos Shahr Ar-Ramadaan pg. 119-120 Title and sub-titles have been added

Translated by Hassan As-Somali

 

 

[The piety and humility of the Salaf]

 

When Ramadaan came to a close, the rightly guided predecessors (As-Salaf As-Saalih) used to frequently seek forgiveness, repent to Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic – and fear that their (deeds) would not be accepted. They used to exert themselves (in worship) in Ramadaan and outside of Ramadaan, afterwards they would be fearful that none of this will be accepted.

 

[How the Salaf behaved when Ramadaan was approaching and when it left]

 

They used to seek the forgiveness of Allaah and repent. So much so that it was reported that they would supplicate to Allaah for six months that He would allow them to reach Ramadaan. If He allowed them to reach Ramadaan, they would fast, pray at night and supplicate for the next six months that He accepts the month of Ramadaan from them.

 

[Signs that Ramadaan has been accepted]

Following good deeds with good is a sign that (an act) has been accepted, whether it is pertaining to Ramadaan or other than it. If the Muslim is in a good state after Ramadaan, performing many good deeds and righteous actions, then this is a proof of acceptance.

 

[Signs that Ramadaan hasn’t been accepted]

If the opposite is true, and he follows good with evil, and as soon as Ramadaan is over he follows on from this with sins, heedlessness and turning away from the obedience of Allaah, then this is a proof that it hasn’t been accepted.

 

Every person knows their true situation after Ramadaan. So let them look, if they are in a better state, then let them thank Allaah, as this shows (that it has been) accepted.

If their state is worse, then let them repent to Allaah and seek the forgiveness of Allaah, as this is a proof that it hasn’t been accepted and it is a proof of negligence and carelessness.

 

[Do not despair of the Mercy of Allaah]

But the slave should not lose hope of the mercy of Allaah. He should not close the door that is between him and Allaah and despair of the mercy of Allaah.

 

“Say: O my slaves who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins). Do not despair of the Mercy of Allaah: verily Allaah forgives all sins. He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Az-Zumar: 53)

 

It is upon him to repent, seek the forgiveness of Allaah and return to Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic.

Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic – accepts repentance from those that repent.

 

“And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do.” (Ash-Shura:25)

 

 

And the peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad.

Source : http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=24&Topic=499

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Q: Pay my ramadhan days back THEN fast 6 Days of Shawwal or?

Can a person start fasting six days of Shawwal when he still has days to make up from Ramadhan?

If a person fasts six days of Shawwal after Ramadhan when he has not yet completed the Ramadhan fast – because he did not fast ten days of Ramadhan for a legitimate reason – will he have the same reward as a person who fasted all of Ramadhan and followed it with six days of Shawwal, i.e. will he be like a person who fasted for a lifetime? Please explain to us, may Allah reward you with good.

Answer from the standing commitee:

Praise be to Allah.

The precise rewards for the deeds which people do for the sake of Allah is something which is known only to Allah. If a person seeks the reward from Allah and strives to obey Him, his reward will not be lost, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost.” [Al-Qur’an 18:30]

If someone has missed some of the days of Ramadhan, he should fast them first, then fast six days of Shawwal, because he cannot follow the fast of Ramadhan with six days of Shawwal unless he has completed his Ramadhan fast.

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.

Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Da’imah, 10/392

Seal Ramadhaan with Istighfaar!

[Taken from Abu Hakeems Blog ; Post from Last Year]

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

With this the final day of the blessed month of Ramadhaan, no doubt it grieves us to see it end with such quickness. And it the likes of this rapid movement of time that we witness that brings to mind the like of the statement of the Sahaabi Al Jaleel Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said:

“I have not grieved over anything the way I grieve over a day that the sun sets, my determined period shortens, and I have not increased in my actions“

But keep in mind constantly that the affairs are by ones final actions (as occurs in an authentic hadeeth), so let the end of this month of Ramadhaan be with Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) from Allah and Taubah (repentance).

For certainly Istighfaar is the seal of righteous actions.

Allah the most high said to his Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam at the end of his life:

“When comes the help of Allah and the conquest (of Makkah),
And you see that the people enter Allah’s religion in crowds,
Then glorify the praise of your lord (declare him free of imperfections) and seek his forgiveness.
Verily he is the one who accepts the repentance and forgives.”

(Suratun Nasr)

Allah the most high similarly commands the Hujaaj (Pilgrims) when they have finished their rites to make istighfaar

“Then depart from the place whence all the people depart and ask Allah for his forgiveness. Truly Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Merciful“

(Suratul Baqarah Vs 199)

And the examples of this are many.

Likewise the Salaf of this Ummah would fear their actions being rejected after their performance, as Allah informs us:

“And those who give (in charity) that which they give, with their hearts full of fear (whether their charity has been accepted or not) because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning)”

(Suratul Mu’minoon Vs 60)

Where are such feelings within us as this month comes to an end?

As Ali – Radhiyallahu anhu mentioned:

“Be as ardent upon your actions being accepted as you are upon the performance of the action, have you not heard the statement of Allah:

“Indeed Allah accepts only from those who are muttaqoon (God-fearing)”

(Suratul Maa’idah Vs 27)

May Allah accept our Fast, our salaah and our righteous actions and grant us a blessed Eid Inshallah

Wa Sallallahu Alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad Wa ‘Alaa Aalihi Was Sahbihi Ajma’een

Abu Hakeem

http://www.twitter.com/abuhakeembilal

The Inner Secrets of Fasting ; Baarak Allaahu feekum, may Allaah cause you to benefit from this in shaa Allaah…

Imam Muwaffaq-ud-Deen Ibn Qudamaah Al-Maqdisee

 

This article is taken from the book Mukhtasar Minhaajul-Qaasideen (p. 38-41), This article was translated by Isma’eel Ibn al-Arkaan and edited by Abu Khaliyl.

 

___

 

Know, that in the fast (Sawm) is a special quality that is not found in anything else. And that is its close connection to Allaah, such that He says:

 

‘‘The Fast (Sawm) is for Me and I will reward it.’’ [2]

 

This connection is enough to show the high status of fasting. Similarly, the Ka’bah is highly dignified due to its close connection to Him, as occurs in His statement:

 

‘‘And sanctify My House.’’ [3]

 

Indeed, the fast is only virtuous due to two significant concepts:

 

THE FIRST: It is a secret and hidden action, thus, no one from the creation is able to see it Therefore riyaa‘ (showing off) cannot enter into it.

 

THE SECOND: It is a means of subjugating the enemies of Allaah. This is because the road that the enemies (of Allaah) embark upon (in order to misguide the Son of Aadam) is that of desires. And eating and drinking strengthens the desires. There are many reports that indicate the merits of fasting, and they are well known

 

THE RECOMMENDED ACTS OF FASTING:

 

The pre-dawn meal (suhoor) and delaying in taking it are preferable, as well as hastening to break the fast and doing so with dates. Generosity in giving is also recommended during Ramadhaan, as well as doing good deeds and increasing in charity. This is in accordance with the way of the Messenger of Allaah. It is also recommended to study the Qur‘aan and perform I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship) during Ramadhaan, especially in its last ten days, as well as increasing upon the exertion (towards doing good deeds) in it. In the two Saheehs, ’Aa‘ishah said: ‘‘When the last ten days (of Ramadhaan) would come, the Prophet would tighten his waist wrapper (izaar)’’ [4] The scholars have mentioned two views concerning the meaning of ‘tighten his wrapper (izaar)’ The first is that it means the turning away from women. The second is that it is an expression denoting his eagerness and diligence in doing good deed. They also say that the reason for: the last ten days of Ramadhaan was due to his seeking of the Night of al-Qadr (Laylatul-Qadr).

 

AN EXPLANATION OF THE INNER SECRETS OF FASTING AND ITS CHARACTERISITCS:

 

There are three levels of fasting, the general fast, the specific fast and the more specific fast. As for the general fast, then it is the refraining of ones stomach and their private parts from fulfilling their desires. The specific fast is the refraining of ones gaze, tongue, hands, feet, hearing and eyes, as well as the rest of his body parts from committing sinful acts. As for the more specific fast, then it is the heart’s abstention from its yearning after the worldly affairs and the thoughts which distance one away from Allaah, as well as its (the heart’s) abstention. From all the things that Allaah has placed on the same level. [5] From the characteristics of the specific fast is that one lowers his gaze and safeguards his tongue from the repulsive speech that is forbidden, disliked, or which has no benefit, as well as controlling the rest of his body parts. . In a hadeeth by al-Bukhaaree: ‘‘Whosoever does not abandon false speech and the acting upon it, Allaah is not in need off his food and drink.’’ [6]

 

Another characteristic of the specific fast is that one does not overfill himself with food during the night. Instead, he eats in due measure, for indeed, the son of Aadam does not fill a vessel more evil than his stomach. If he were to eat his fill during the first part of the night, he would not make good use of himself for the remainder of the night. In the same way, if he eats to his fill for suhoor, he does make good use of himself until the afternoon. This is because excessive eating breads laziness and lethargy therefore, the objective of fasting disappears due to one’s excessiveness in eating, for what is indeed intended by the fast, is that one savours the taste of hunger and becomes an abandoner of desires.

 

RECOMMENDED FASTS:

 

As for the recommended fasts, then know that preference for fasting is established in certain virtuous days. Some of these virtuous days happen every year, such as fasting the first six days of Shawwaal after Ramadhaan, fasting the day of ’Arafah, the day of ’Ashooraa, and the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram. Some of them occur every month, such as the first part of the month, the middle part of it, and the last part of it. So whoever fasts the first part of it, the middle part of it and the last part of it, then he has done well. Some fasts occur every week, and they are every Monday and Thursday. The most virtuous of the recommended fasts is the fast of Daawood. He would fast one day and break his fast the next day. This achieves the following three objectives, the soul is given its share on the day the fast is broken. And on the day of fasting, it completes its share in full. The day of eating is the day of giving thanks and the day of fasting is the day of having patience. And Faith (eemaan) is divided into two halves- that of thankfulness and that of patience. [7] It is the most difficult struggle for the soul. This is because every time the soul gets accustomed to a certain condition, it transfers itself that. As for fasting every day, then it has been reported by Muslim, from the hadeeth of Aboo Qataadah that ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu) asked the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): What is the case if one were to fast everyday? So he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘He did not fast nor did he break his fast or, he did not fast and he did not break his fast.’’ [8] This is concerning the one who fasts continuously, even during the days in which fasting is forbidden.

 

CHARACTERISITCS OF THE MORE SPECIFIC FASTS:

 

Know that the one who has been given intellect, knows the objective behind fasting. Therefore, he burdens himself to the extent that he will not be unable to do that which is more beneficial than it. Ibn Mas’ood would fast very little and it is reported that he used to say: ‘‘When I fast, I grow weak in my prayer. And I prefer the prayer over the (optional) fast.’’ Some of the Companions would weaken in their recitation of the Qur‘aan when fasting. Thus, they would exceed in breaking their fast (i.e.. by observing less optional fasts), until they were able to balance their recitation. Every individual is knowledgeable of his condition and of what will rectify it.

 

Footnotes:

 

[1] This article is taken from the book Mukhtasar Minhaajul-Qaasideen (p. 38-41) of the illustrious scholar and righteous Imaam, Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee (d.529H). This article was translated by Isma’eel Ibn al-Arkaan and edited by Abu Khaliyl. There were also slight adaptions made to it, such as the exclusion of a couple of statements.

[2] Related by al-Bukhaaree (4/118) and Muslim (no. 1151).

[3] Sooratul-Hajj: 26

[4] Related by al-Bukhaaree (4/322) and Muslim (no. 1147).

[5] (Editors note: Additional comment is required here, The levels mentioned are levels of abstinence. The first of these three levels entails the abstinence which is fulfilled, the fast is considered complete in view of the one having met the legislated requirements [i.e. It does not have to be repeated or made up, the servant has indeed fasted.] The remaining levels deal with the value of the Fast. If the second is level is not met, the fast will be of less value to the servant, than if it were met and likewise for the third. Thus it is said that intentional eating and intercourse render the fast null and void, whereas committing other unlawful acts such, likes speaking falsely, placing the unlawful look to the opposite sex. And so on will constitute a sin of one degree or another, but not nullify the fast.

[6] Related by al-Bukhaaree (4/99)

[7] {Editors note: This statement is based upon an unauthentic Hadeeth, which has been reported by al-Kharaa‘itee and ad-Daylamee. One of its narrators was graded ‘‘abandoned’’ by an-Nisaa‘ee and adh-Dhahabee. Al-Manawee and al-Albaanee approved of its grading. See ad-Da’eefah (no. 625).

[8] Related by Muslim

How The Salaf Were In Ramadan!

Q: What was the state of the righteous predecessors (may Allaah be pleased with them and have mercy upon them) in receiving this tremendous month? What was their guidance and what was their state? …

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan:

The first question regarding the state of the Salaf in Ramadan; their state was inscribed in books that were transmitted with trustworthy chains of narrators:

•They used to ask Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to allow them to reach Ramadan before it came upon them. They used to ask Allaah to allow them to reach Ramadan because of the knowledge they had of the good and wide spread benefit it has.

•After Ramadan had started, they would ask Allaah to aid them in practicing righteous actions during it.

•After Ramadan ended, they would ask Allaah to accept it from them, as Allaah the Might and Majestic says:

{ And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who hasten in the good deeds, and they are foremost in them. }

•They used to exert all their efforts in practicing righteous actions.

•After completing these actions, they would be afflicted with worry; would their actions be accepted or not? This is due to their knowledge of Allaah’s magnificence, and their knowledge that Allaah does not accept any actions except those that are sincerely practiced for His Face, as well as being in accordance to the Sunnah of His Messenger.

•They would not ascribe purity to themselves for they would fear that their actions would be rendered void.

•Their concern for their actions being accepted would be greater than the effort exerted on the initial actions, because Allaah the Mighty and Majestic says:

{Indeed Allaah only accepts from the righteous}

•They would free their time in this month for worship, as we have already mentioned, and they would minimize world related activities.

•They would preserve their time to sit in the houses of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

•They would say to themselves; we shall preserve our fast and not backbite anyone.

•They would bring copies of the Qur’aan and review/study the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

•They would preserve their time from being wasted.

•They were not heedless or neglectful, as is the case with a lot of people today.

•They would preserve the night time for the night prayer, and the day for fasting, reciting the Qur’aan and other righteous actions.

•They would not be heedless of one minute of Ramadan, rather not even one second of Ramadan, except that they would practice a righteous action.

[Source: Al-‘Allaamah Saaleh al-Fawzaan | http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/9840 | trans. Abu Abdul-Waahid Nadir Ahmad]