10 Invalidators of Ones Islaam + Proof (Ayaat etc.) + Footnotes & Notes from Ibnul Qayyim

Know – o Muslim brother – that Allah has obligated upon all of the servants to enter into Islam and to hold fast to it and to warn against whatever opposes it. So Allah sent His Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to call to that, and He, the Mighty and Majestic, informed that whoever followed him was indeed guided, and whoever resisted him was indeed misguided. So He warned in many statements concerning the causes for apostasy and the types of disbelief. So the scholars (rahimahumullaah) have mentioned in judgement upon the apostate that the Muslim apostates from his Religion due to many types of invalidators that make his blood and his wealth permissible and by that he leaves Islam. The most dangerous of these emanate from ten invalidators. [2]

We shall mention them for you in what follows upon a short path to warn you about them and so that you may warn others in hopes of security and well being, along with a small explanation after mentioning them.

First: From the ten invalidators is shirk (associating partners) in the worship of Allah. Allah the Exalted says:

“Verily Allah does not forgive that you associate partners with Him, but He forgives whatever is below that for whoever He wishes.” [Sooratun Nisaa` 3:116]

Allah the Exalted says:

“Whoever associates partners with Allah, then Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him and his dwelling be in the Fire and there will be no helpers for the oppressors.” [Sooratul Maa`idah 5:72]

So from that is supplication to the dead and seeking their aid and taking oaths by them and slaughtering for their sake.

Second: Whoever places intermediaries between himself and Allah, supplicating to them and asking them for intercession and placing his trust upon them, then he has indeed disbelieved by agreement.

Third: Whoever does not disbelieve in the idolaters, or doubts in their disbelief, or believes in the correctness of their religion, then he has disbelieved.

Fourth: Whoever believes that the guidance of other than the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is more complete than his Guidance, or that the judgement of other than him is better than his Judgement, such as those who give precedence to the judgement of the tawaagheet [3] over his Judgement, then he is a disbeliever.

Fifthly: Whoever hates something from what the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) came with, or the one who acts like that, then he has indeed disbelieved due to the statement of Allah:

“That is because they disbelieved in what Allah revealed, so He rendered their deeds worthless.” [Sooratul Muhammad 47:9]

Sixth: Whoever ridicules something from the Religion of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), or its reward, or its punishment, he has disbelieved. The proof for this is the statement of Allah:

“Say: Was it Allah and His messenger and His Signs that you were mocking? Make no excuse, indeed you have disbelieved after your faith.” [Sooratut Tawbah 9:65-66]

Seventh: Magic, and from it is sarf (detachment) [4] and ‘itf (affection) [5]. So whoever does this, or is happy with it – he has disbelieved. The proof is the statement of Allah:

“And they do not teach anyone until they have said: ‘We are a trial so do not disbelieve.’” [Sooratul Baqarah 2:102]

Eighth: Supporting the disbelievers and cooperating with them against the Muslims. The proof for this is the statement of Allah the Exalted:

“So whoever forms an alliance with them, then verily he is from them. Verily Allah does not guide an oppressive people.” [6] [Sooratul Maa`idah 5:51]

Ninth: Whoever believes that some of the people are free to leave from the Law (Shari’ah) of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), then he is a disbeliever due to the statement of Allah the Exalted:

“Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter, he will be from the losers.” [Soorah Aali Imraan 3:75]

Tenth: Turning away from the Religion of Allah without being knowledgeable about it, nor acting upon it. The proof for this is the statement of Allah:

“And who is more unjust [7] than one who is reminded [8] of the statement of his Lord, then he turns away [9] from them. Verily We will take retribution [10] from the criminals.” [Sooratus Sajdah 32:22]

So all of these invalidators do not differentiate between the scoffer or the liberal person or the fearful, except that it is deception. All of them are from the greatest danger and most numerous in occurrence. So it is befitting for the Muslim that he is aware of them and fears them for himself.

Whoever believes in the constitutions and laws that the people take as being better than the Law of Islam, or that the Laws of Islam cannot be applied in the twentieth century, or that they are a cause for division amongst the Muslims, or that it restricts a persons devotion to his Lord without entering into the matters of the Next Life. Also entering into the fourth category is whoever thinks that the Ruling of Allah in cutting the hand of the thief or stoning the adulterer is not valid in this age. Also entering into that is whoever believes that it is permissible to rule by other than the Law of Allah in conduct and punishments or other than them.

We seek refuge in Allah from that which necessitates His Anger and His Grievous Punishment. May the Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon the best of His creation, Muhammad and upon his family and his companions.

[By: Imam ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Ibn Baaz|Translated by Maaz Qureshi [1]


[1] This is a slightly abridged translation of ‘al-’Aqeedatus Saheehah war-Risaalatul Ma’iyyah’ (a collection of four booklets by the al-’Allaamah Ibn Baaz) (p.37-41).

[2] The shaykh, the Imam, Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab and other than him from the people of knowledge have mentioned all of these. Translators Note: See: Durarus Sunniyyah (8/89-90), and Mu`allifaatush Shaykh Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab (5/212/214).

[3] Translators Note: Imam Ibnul Qayyim gave a general definition for taaghoot (pl. tawaagheet) when he said [Fathul Majeed (p. 16)]:

“A taaghoot is everything that a slave transgresses the limits by, such as a deity, or someone who is followed, or calls to his following. So a taaghoot is every people who subject judgement to other than Allah and His Messenger, or worship from other than Allah, or obey without Guidance from Allah, or those who obey him in what is not known as obedience to Allah.”

[4] Sarf: A magical action by which it is intended to distance a man from that which he wants, such as detaching a man from the love of his wife to hatred for her.

[5] ‘Itf: A magical action by which it is intended to encourage a man towards what he does not want through Satanic paths.

[6] This means, none is more oppressive than them.

[7] That is, the disbelievers.

[8] Reminder: an admonition and insight into what is obligatory upon him.

[9] Turning away: rejecting alliance.

[10] Retribution: taking back what was done before.

Ibnul Qayyims Short Definition for Taaghoot

Ibnul Qayyim gave a general definition for taaghoot (pl. tawaagheet) when he said [Fathul Majeed (p. 16)]:  “A taaghoot is everything that a slave transgresses the limits by, such as a deity, or someone who is followed, or calls to his following. So a taaghoot is every people who subject judgement to other than Allah and His Messenger, or worship from other than Allah, or obey without Guidance from Allah, or those who obey him in what is not known as obedience to Allah.”

If you see a man praising evil people and the scholars of misguidance….know that he is disobedient, corrupt and astray!!!

All praise is due to Allah, and may exaltation and safety be granted to Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who aid them. To proceed:

Al-Imam al-Barbahaaree [d. 329 A.H.] (1), may Allah have mercy on him, said in his monumental work, Sharh as-Sunnah, point #141:

If you hear a man speak well of Ibn Abee Du’aad (2), Bishr (3), Thumaamah (4), Abul-Huthayl (5), Hishaam al-Futee (6), or any of their followers and supporters, scrutinize [him], and beware of him, for indeed, innovation is with him. These people were upon apostasy, so abandon this man who spoke well of them…(7)/(8)

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, may Allah protect him, commented on this passage by saying:

“If you see a man praising evil people and the scholars of misguidance, such as the hatchlings of the Jahmiyyah, know that he is disobedient, corrupt and astray. This is because he would not have praised them if he did not love them and approve of their path. And if you see a man applauding the likes of al-Imam Ahmad and [al-Imam] Ibn Mubaarak; likewise, he applauds the scholars of the Taabi’een and those who came after them, know that he is a person who has good with him. This is because he only applauds the people of the Sunnah because he loves the Sunnah and firm adherence to it.

This teaches us a lesson: Some brothers or some students of knowledge praise some of the people of innovation or the people of desires and deviant views. He does not thoroughly examine their views and their course. Yet, he belittles and speaks ill of those who are good people. This happens because he lends an ear to those who belittle them, and [as a result], he believes them. This is extremely dangerous if a person degrades good people, the people of knowledge and the people of the Sunnah; yet, he applauds people with deviated views and ways. This is extremely dangerous.

If only he would not have sat with them. This is some of what al-Imam al-Barbahaaree warns us about from that which people have fallen into now.” (9)

Shaykh Rabee Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee, may Allah protect him, said:

“Regretfully, the affair has been turned upside down. We find many who connect themselves to the Salafi methodology befriending the people of innovation. They show concern for them, their methodology and their books, and they defend all of the aforementioned. However, you notice them fleeing, chasing [people] away and warning against those who uphold the truth and the Sunnah. Indeed, we belong to Allah and to Him we shall return!” (10)


(1) A well-known Imam of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah.

(2) Ibn Abee Du’aad al-Mu’atazilee [d. 240 A.H.] was a figurehead of misguidance. He incited the government [during his time] to test the people about the creation of the Qur’aan.

(3) Bishr al-Mareesee [d. 218 A.H.] was from the shuyookh of the Mu’tazilah, and he was a caller to the statement that the Qur’an is created.

(4) Thumaamah Ibn Ashrar [d. 213 A.H.], the philosopher, he was a leader of the Mu’atazilah.

(5) Muhammad Ibn al-Hutayl al-Basree, he was one of the shuyookh of the Mu’tazilah and a head of innovation. [d. 235 A.H.]

(6) Hishaam al-Futee, he was one of the shuyookh of the Mu’tazilah. He also had followers called Hishaamiyyah.

(7) Al-Barbahaaree, Sharh as-Sunnah, 122-123 (Maktabah Daar al-Manhaaj)

(8) The biographies mentioned are summarized and taken from ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Jamyizee’s verification of Sharh as-Sunnah, Maktabah Daar al-Manhaaj.

(9) Saalih al-Fawzaan, An Explanation of Sharh al-Sunnah, pg. 412 (Daar Ibn Hajr)

(10) Rabee’ al-Madkhalee, The Methodology of Ahulus-Sunnah in Critiquing Men, Books and Sects, 27

How to Deal With the Elderly Person Who Does Not Pray or Commits Acts of Disobedience‏

Question to Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr:

”How is the elderly person dealt with, if he does not establish the prayer or if he commits some of the (acts) of disobedience?


We know from what has preceded (i.e. in the lecture) that the elderly person has rights due to his old age; the rights of the elderly, even if he is not a Muslim, then how about the one who abandons the prayer completely?

This (person) is a disbeliever due to the saying of the Messenger (‘alayhi salat wasallam): the covenant between us and them is the prayer, so whoever abandons it has disbelieved. ” And the ahaadeeth regarding this affair are many.

*[Note: Listener/Reader: The scholars differ with regards to the affair of the person who abandons the Salaah out of laziness, as to whether he is a disbeliever or not; so refer to the different arguments of the scholars on the topic. See the arguments of Shaikh Uthaymeen, Shaikh Bin Baaz, Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahumullaah)]

However, regardless of this (i.e. this elder’s abandonment of the prayer), the rights of the elderly remain; so he is shown kindness and is dealt with in accordance with what such rights necessitates, in winning over his heart, and with the hope that Allaah (Tabaaraka-Wata-Aalaa) will guide him and return him to correctness, especially if he is a father or a near relative, then a person should deal with him in the worldly life with goodness and kindness. In this also is winning over his heart, and perhaps Allaah (Subhaanahu wa ta’ala) will grant him guidance and success.

And we did come across (i.e. in the lecture) the saying of Allaah:
”But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly.” [Luqmaan: Ayah: 15].

He (Allaah) did not say: disrespect both of them, or cut off the relationship (between you and them), rather He said: ”but behave with them in the world kindly.’‘ So, (you) behave kindly even if he is a disbeliever or polytheist; and even if he is caller to polytheism and disbelief, the father is (still) treated with kindness, also the mother and the close relative; so that this kindness becomes a means to winning over his heart and to draw it close to the truth and goodness.

And if he is from the sinful believers, then also he is to be dealt with in a good way and at the same time give him advise with etiquettes, without raising oneself above him, arrogance or what is similar to that; rather you him advise with etiquettes, gentleness and wise mannerisms, and perhaps Allaah (Tabaaraka-Wata-Aalaa) will bless him with guidance and bestow him steadfastness.

Translated by Abu Mu-aawiyyah (Abdullaah Al-Gambi)

Q: What is your advice – O Shaykh – for those who go without reading the Qur’an for a month, or even many months…

Question: What is your advice – O Shaykh – for those who go without reading the Qur’an for a month, or even many months, and who have no excuse for such behaviour? However, you will find some of them reading those magazines that contain no benefit for them, and following them up closely!

Answer: It is recommended for every believing man and woman to recite the Book of Allah often, with due contemplation and understanding. This may be done by using a copy of the Qur’an or from one’s memory. Allah – the Most High – said:

“This is a Book which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that you may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember.” [Qur’an 38:29].

And: “Indeed those who recite the Book of Allah and offer the Prayer perfectly and spend in charity out of what We have provided for them – secretly and openly – hope for a sure trade-gain that will never perish. That He may pay the their wages in full and give them even more out of His Grace. Indeed, He is Oft-Forgiving, ready to appreciate good deeds.” [Qur’an 35:29-30]

The aforementioned recitation of the Qur’an includes both reciting and acting upon it. The recitation is to be done with contemplation and understanding of it. Sincerity to Allah is a means of complying with and acting upon the Qur’an, and its recitation contains a great reward – as the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said: “Recite the Qur’an. For on the Day of Resurrection, it shall come as an intercessor for its companion.” This was recorded by Muslim in his Saheeh (no. 804). The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam also said: “The best of you is he who learns the Qur’an and teaches it.” This was recorded by al-Bukhari in his Saheeh (9/66). Another narration states: “Whoever reads one harf (letter) of the Qur’an shall receive a good deed and ten good deeds similar to it. I do not say that Alif Laam Meem is a harf, but Alif is a harf, Laam is a harf and Meem is a harf.” [Saheeh; Recorded by at-Tirmidhi (no. 2912), who authenticated it, from the hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ud, radhiallaahu `anhu]. The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said to `Abdullaah ibn Amr ibn al-`Aas: “Complete the recitation of the Qur’an once a month.” He said: I am able to do more than that. So he said: “Then complete its recital once in seven days.” [al-Bukhari (no. 5054)] The Companions used to complete the entire Qur’an once every seven days.

So I advise all the readers of the Qur’an to increase in their reading of it, with contemplation and understanding it, along with sincerity to Allah in this – with the purpose of learning and benefiting from the Qur’an. They should read the entire Qur’an once a month. If, however, they are able to do more than this without any difficulty, then they should complete it in less than this time. However, it is best not to complete it in less than three days, since this is the least amount of time that the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam mentioned to `Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas. This is because if it is read in less than three days, the person becomes hasty and lacks thought and concentration… “

[By Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Ibn Baaz – Fataawaa al-Mar`ah (no. 294)]

If you listen to these Tapes, everyday, you still have 10,000 days left! A MUST READ!

Do you want to listen to tapes? Listen to the pure people of the Sunnah and the pure scholars of the Sunnah

This is a question, “Do you advise us to listen to the tapes of fulaan (so and so) and fulaan?” He named some individuals here, and there is no need to mention them. I will give you a shorter answer:

Do you want to listen to tapes? Listen to the pure people of the Sunnah and the pure scholars of the Sunnah. For verily, in them there is contentment and sufficiency! There are many of scholars from the scholars of the Sunnah, so why do you ask about those about whom there are correct and clear statements [of the scholars] and who are far away from the Sunnah from every aspect? And you leave those who are from Ahl-us-Sunnah from every aspect? This is from the lack of fiqh (understanding).

I.e. for example: ash-Shaykh al-Imaam ‘Abdul-’Azeez bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, he has tapes with shuruhaat (explanations) and his tapes are many, correct? And our Shaykh, ash-Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them, his tapes are many. And ash-Shaykh al-Imaam al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, [his tapes] are also many. And ash-Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee [his tapes] are many. And Shaykh al-Fawzaan [his tapes] are also many, and other than them from the scholars of the Sunnah. Correct? How many are these? How many tapes? I.e. if we say: ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-’Azeez, ash-Shaykh bin ‘Uthaymeen and al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them… I say: al-Albaanee has around 5000 recorded tapes. And Shaykh Muhammad (bin ‘Uthaymeen) and Shaykh ‘Abdul-’Azeez, if we say that they both have 5000 tapes; how many tapes are these? 10,000 tapes. If you listen every day to one tape, then you have 10,000 days left. If you listen every day to two tapes, you have 5000 days left. Correct?

Then there also remain, as we said, many collections [of tapes] which you need thousands and thousands of days for. Believe me, if you listen – and I don’t say 5000 or 2000 – if you listen to them only 360 days in a year… Are there 360 or 365 days [in a year]? (Audience replies with different answers) 60 or 65? Anyway, one full year. In one full year, you are not able to listen to other than them! If you listen to the scholars of the Sunnah, then you are – by Allaah – not able to listen to other than them!

Source: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=135671
By: Shaykh ‘Abdul-Laah bin ‘Abdir-Raheem al-Bukhaaree

Friday ghusl is not obligatory upon a woman

Q: “Is the Friday bath (ghusl) obligatory upon a woman?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“If  the Friday prayer fundamentally is not obligatory upon her, then how can the subsidiary issue (the bath) be obligatory when the fundamental (the prayer) isn’t?”[1]

[1] Shaikh Bin Baaz, Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaimeen and Shaikh Fawzaan likewise said that the Friday bath is specifically for men – those who must attend the Friday prayer – not women.

[al-haawee min fataawaa ash-shaikh al-albaani 447 / asaheeha translations]